Yakovleva O.A. Features of Commission and Production of Certain Types of Forensic Examinations (Environmental Aspect)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lc.jvolsu.2019.2.22

Olga A. Yakovleva, Candidate of Sciences (Jurisprudence), Associate Professor, Department of Criminal Law, Volgograd State University, Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , https://orcid.ord/0000-0002-6833-5005

Introduction: it is difficult to overestimate the importance of forensic examination in the investigation of crimes. Almost every criminal act cannot be solved without a certain expertise. The questions posed to the experts are diverse and depend on the subject of the expert study. As for the public authorities and various public organizations, the expertise is important for them, first of all, in the context of solving those issues that affect the interests of both the individual and the state as a whole. The possibilities of studying the object determine the tasks facing the forensic expert. The aim of the research is to analyze the issues related to the features of commission and production of certain types of forensic examinations. Methods: the methodological framework for this study includes a set of methods of scientific knowledge, among which the fundamental importance is given to the methods of system analysis, synthesis. Results: the importance of the examination before the initiation of a criminal case is determined, and the emphasis is placed on the need for the correct formulation of questions for the expert. Conclusions: in legal science there is a point of view, according to which the obligation to prove the circumstances of the case can be completely shifted by judges and investigators onto forensic experts, what is the danger of expertise. In the author’s opinion, in many cases it is not possible to establish the event of the crime, the severity of the crime, as well as the damage caused, without conducting special expert studies.

Key words: expertise, expert, crime, investigator, investigation.

Citation. Yakovleva O.A. Features of Commission and Production of Certain Types of Forensic Examinations (Environmental Aspect). Legal Concept, 2019, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 134-138. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lc.jvolsu.2019.2.22

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