Vlasova O.A. The Predecessors of the Magistracy of Praetor in Ancient Rome

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lc.jvolsu.2018.2.13

Olga A. Vlasova, Candidate of Sciences (History), Associate Professor, Department of History and Theory of State and Law, Yaroslavl Branch of Moscow Finance and Law Academy, Kuznetsova St., 1, 150054 Yaroslavl, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Introduction: the praeture played a very important role not only in the formation of Roman law, but also contributed to the stabilization and improvement of the public administration of the Republic of Rome, in this connection, the actual purpose of the study is to identify the predecessors of the magistracy of praetor, on whose experience the Romans relied in the creation of a new position. Methods: the general scientific methods of research, such as analysis, synthesis, comparison, as well as the special historical and special legal methods are used. Results: in the course of the work there were analyzed the posts of military tribunes with the consular power, of the prefect of the city, the chief of cavalry and the College of pontiffs. Conclusions: the study has revealed the role of the predecessors of the magistracy of praetor, defined the specificity and scope of their activities, which influenced the creation and formation of the praeture.

Key words: local administration, public Roman law, Roman Republic, consular tribune, prefect of the city, pontiffs, head of a cavalry.

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