Abashidze А.Kh., Melshina K.Yu. Supremacy of Law in the UN Conception

Аslan Kh. Abashidze
Doctor of Juridical Sciences, Professor, Head of Department of International Law
Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia
Vice Chairman of the United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
Miklukho-Maklaya St., 6, 117198 Moscow, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Kseniya Yu. Melshina
Postgraduate Student, Department of International Law
Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia
Miklukho-Maklaya St., 6, 117198 Moscow, Russian Federation,  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  

Introduction. The concept of “supremacy of law” is currently used in international and domestic acts and other official documents. Alongside, the “supremacy of law” is the subject of doctrinal works in humanities. The purpose is to try to figure out the understanding of “supremacy of law” in international relations and in the United Nations system. The methodological basis of this study is constituted by a set of scientific methods, among which the main place is occupied by the method of analysis and comparative legal method. The results of the study are based on the resolutions which have been adopted by the UN General Assembly since 2007, and the annual reports of the Secretary General of the UN on “The supremacy of law at the national and international levels”. The authors raise the question whether the “supremacy of law” is equally applicable to the international law and domestic law. Conclusions. The authors qualified the “supremacy of law” as a principle, which is not fixed in the UN Charter as well as the scope of the United Nations. The article provides a detailed analysis and the idea of the authors about the “supremacy of law” on national and international levels.

Key words: supremacy of law, international law, principles of international law, human rights protection, system of justice, security, sustainable development, national strategies.

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