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Belyaev V.P., Belyaeva G.S., Chapchikov S.Yu. Evolution of the Concept of National Security (Historical and Legal Dimension) (Part One)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu5.2016.3.6

Valeriy Petrovich Belyaev
Doctor of Juridical Sciences, Professor, Department of Theory and History of State and Law,
Southwestern State University
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50 let Oktyabrya St., 94, 305040 Kursk, Russian Federation

Galina Serafimovna Belyaeva
Doctor of Juridical Sciences, Professor, Department of Administrative and International Law,
Belgorod State National Research University
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Pobedy St., 85, 308015 Belgorod, Russian Federation

Sergey Yuryevich Chapchikov
Candidate of Juridical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Theory and History of State and Law,
Southwestern State University
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50 let Oktyabrya St., 94, 305040 Kursk, Russian Federation


 

Abstract. In this paper, the authors investigate a range of issues concerning the evolution of the national security concept from the standpoint of historical and legal science. The necessity of the scientific coverage of safety in all its forms is pointed out. The authors note that at the end of 20th century the range of issues is expanding and, accordingly, the subject of security research. Particular attention is paid to the types and levels of safety and operational models, regimes and institutions of international security. The conclusion consists in the fact that in the post-soviet period when Russian science is completely open for cooperation with the outside world, three types of intellectual sources of the Russian security theory can be distinguished: western theory, based on the traditional paradigm of realism, liberalism and globalism; Russian non-Marxist theory; Marxism reformed close to European social democracy.

Key words: national security, state, personality, society, national interests, official documents.

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