Meshcheryakova O.M. Treaty of Lisbon and the Problem of Expanding EU Institutes’ Competence

Meshcheryakova Olga Mikhaylovna

Doctor of Juridical Sciences, Professor, Department of International Law,
Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

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Miklukho-Maklaya St., 6, 117198 Moscow, Russian Federation

Abstract. The author thoroughly explains the nature of legal phenomena that gave rise to such important sector of international law as an integration law. The author shows that, despite the existence of different theories of integration, developed in the doctrine, the real driving force of any integration process is the national interest, which determines its legal
nature. On the one hand, some national and foreign lawyers admit the existence of a certain federalistic direction in the European integration process. Relying on this fact, three power branches are indicated in the institutional system of European Union. On the other hand, the basis of modern European Integration is represented by two founding treaties of the European Union, reflecting its international legal nature. The author examines and analyzes various aspects of the development of EU institutional system.

Key words: Treaty of Lisbon, EU institutes, European Union, integration process, legal regulation.

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