Shugurov M.V. The Activity of the Convention Structures of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity to Promote Technology Transfer

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lc.jvolsu.2019.4.2

Mark V. Shugurov, Doctor of Sciences (Philosophy), Professor, Department of International Law, Saratov State Law Academy, Volskaya St., 1, 410056 Saratov, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3604-3961

Introduction: in the context of increasing the role of technology transfer in achieving the sustainable development goals, the importance of scientific and technological cooperation within the framework of the Convention cooperation is increasing. The aim of the study is to develop a comprehensive proposal on the systemic interaction of the Convention structures of the UN Convention on Biodiversity in promoting the transfer of biotechnologies for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. The objectives of the study are: 1) to carry out a consistent analysis of the development perspective of technology transfer at the level of meetings of the Conference of the Parties, in the activities of the Executive Secretary, the Subsidiary body on scientific, technical and technological advice and the Clearing-House Mechanism; 2) to reveal promising areas of the Convention cooperation on facilitating the biotechnology transfer. Methods: the general scientific methods (systemic, structural and functional) and specific scientific methods (comparative law, dogmatic legal). Results: the Convention structures of the Convention on Biodiversity, treating the technology transfer as a multi-component process, develop and implement measures to promote it on the basis of taking into account the technological needs, creating an enabling environment and appropriate information exchange. The CBD Convention process is open to other Convention and non-Convention technology transfer initiatives governed by the Convention in order to achieve synergies. Conclusions: the CBD Convention Bodies play a crucial role in enhancing the cooperation among all stakeholders, as well as identifying the gaps and eliminating the duplication of the international biotechnology transfer initiatives in line with the objectives of the Convention.

Key words: sustainable development, biotechnology, developing countries, technological gap, software tools, technology transfer.

Citation. Shugurov M.V. The Activity of the Convention Structures of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity to Promote Technology Transfer. Legal Concept, 2019, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 18-26. (in Russian). DOI: https:// doi.org/10.15688/lc.jvolsu.2019.4.2

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