Biryukov S.Yu., Trishina N.T. Some Aspects of the Criminalistic Characteristics of Crimes Committed in the Sphere of the Military-Industrial Complex of Russia in the Context of the National Security

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lc.jvolsu.2018.2.8

Svyatoslav Yu. Biryukov, Candidate of Sciences (Jurisprudence), Associate Professor, Head of Department of Preliminary Investigation, Educational and Scientific Complex on Preliminary Investigation in the Internal Affairs Bodies, Volgograd Academy of the Ministry of Interior of Russia, Istoricheskaya St., 130, 400131 Volgograd, Russian Federation, В This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Nadezhda T. Trishina, Candidate of Sciences (Jurisprudence), Senior Lecturer, Department of Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics, Volgograd State University, Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Introduction: there is no doubt that the existence of a powerful and efficient army in the state, in addition to a developed and stable economy, in the conditions of the modern world is one of the most reliable guarantees of the stable international situation of a country, respectful and adequate attitude towards it by other states, and ultimately the ensuring of its national security. The strengthening of the combat capability of the Russian army has been one of the most important national projects in recent years. One of the most important activities in this area is the rearmament of the army, equipping it with the new military equipment and modern weapons.
The unconditional relevance of such activities was confirmed by the recent operation of the Russian Armed forces in the Syrian Arab Republic, where the capabilities of the modern military technology product of the Russian defense industry were repeatedly demonstrated. However, it is no secret that these “injections” of funds also serve as a prerequisite for their theft, which, in our opinion, is a dangerous destabilizing factor that has an extremely negative impact on the state of the national security of this country, as evidenced by the reports of the Prosecutor General of Russia Yu.Ya. Chaika.
The analysis of the investigative and judicial practice shows not always satisfactory quality of the investigation of crimes committed in the field of the defense industry. The quality is directly dependent on the level of forensic support of the investigation process itself, including the availability of evidence-based recommendations on the organizational basis for their disclosure and investigation.
In this regard, the authors set a goal to reveal particular, the most significant elements of the criminalistic characteristics of this type of crime. Methods: the methodological framework for this study is a set of methods of scientific cognition, among which the main are the methods of information processing and logical analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction and generalization. Results: the author’s filling of certain elements of the criminalistic characteristics of crimes committed in the sphere of the military-industrial complex of Russia based on the judicial and investigative practice makes it possible to use them in the practical activities of the authorized law enforcement officials in the course of detection and investigation of the above-mentioned crimes. Conclusions: the study has revealed some elements of the criminalistic characteristics of crimes of this type for law students, teachers of law schools, as well as practitioners in order to better understand the features of the investigation of crimes in the sphere of the military-industrial complex.

Key words: national security, rearmament, investigation, crime, theft, abuse.

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