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Fantrov P.P., Shinkaruk V.M. The Regional Strategy of the National Security of the South of Russia: Confrontation of Civil Associations with Criminal Threats

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lc.jvolsu.2018.2.5

Pavel P. Fantrov, Postgraduate Student, Teaching and Methodology Specialist, Department of Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics, Volgograd State University, Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Vladimir M. Shinkaruk, Candidate of Sciences (Jurisprudence), Associate Professor, Department of Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics, Volgograd State University, Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation,  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


 

Introduction: the South of Russia is an important strategic region, reflecting the structural elements of Russian geopolitics and, thus, almost the entire range of existing threats to the national security, including the criminal ones. The active participation of the civil society structures in the suppression and prevention of criminal threats can contribute to improving the level of the national security, in this connection, it is necessary to strengthen the legal and regulatory role of the citizens in the regional strategies of the national security. Methods: the authors use the following methods of scientific cognition: the general scientific ones (analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, modeling); the institutional one, allowing to study the role of the subjects of the system of ensuring the national security of the South of Russia; the system-structural ones, whereby it is possible to distinguish a set of stable communications between the components of the national security system; case-study used to analyze the situations that arise when implementing the technologies of interaction of actors in the context of combating criminal threats. Results: by means of the secondary analysis of the official data of the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation the most pressing criminal threats to the national security in the South of Russia, which should include terrorism, extremism and corruption,have been identified. It is noted that the civil associations together with the law enforcement agencies are able to resist these threats, using the technologies of public control, a systemic political dialogue, crowd sourcing, socializing and PR-technologies. Conclusions: as a result of the conducted research it is established that it is expedient to include the regional strategies in the national security system fixing them in the normative legal acts of the subjects of the South of Russiaand reflecting the role of the civil society structures in countering criminal threats, as well as the technologies of interaction between the state and society, corresponding to the principles of political participation of citizens, value consolidation, equality of opportunities of civil solidarity and cross-cultural interaction. 

Key words: national security, law enforcement, civil society, criminal threats, extremism, terrorism, corruption.

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