Ryzhenkov A.Ya. Environmental Terrorism as a Global Problem of Modern Times

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lc.jvolsu.2017.2.3

Anatoliy Ya. Ryzhenkov, Doctor of Juridical Sciences, Professor, Department of Civil and International Private Law, Volgograd State University, the Base Department of the Southern Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Introduction: the problem of counteraction to terrorism is one of the most urgent and discussed global problems of present times. Now hundreds of international acts devoted to the fight against the international terrorism which use the most diverse arsenal of means and ways of the fight against this global threat of present times are adopted. However, so far, the specifics of ecological terrorism have been investigated obviously insufficiently. In the work the author sets the research objective – carrying out the classification of types of ecological terrorism. Methods: the methodological framework of the research includes a set of methods of scientific knowledge, among which the main are the methods of system analysis, historicism, and the comparative law method. Results: the work proves the author’s position on the existence of four kinds of ecological terrorism. It is proved that ecological terrorism involves not only the practice of violence and intimidation of the population by environmental pollution for having impact on decision-making by the public bodies, but also a special ideology. In this connection, for the effective counteraction to this global threat of the 21st century, the measures of ideological (information) counteraction are also required. Conclusions: it is necessary to adopt at the international level under the UN guidance the regulations sustained in one terminology which does not allow identifying ordinary terrorists with ecological radical youth groups who are seldom beyond penal hooliganism or deliberate destruction of someone else’s property in their illegal activity. It is also required to create a more accurate classification of types of ecological terrorism in terms of which it is suggested distinguishing nuclear, technological, chemical and biological terrorism, having both a number of general features and methods of fight against them, and the peculiar specifics demanding further studying and prevention.

Key words: ecological terrorism, environment, conventions, safety, cooperation, technologies.

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