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Deryugina T.V., Zaitsev A.O. Morality and Law as the Basis of Legal Education and Valid Implementation of Civil Rights

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lc.jvolsu.2017.1.4

Tatiana V. Deryugina

Doctor of Juridical Sciences, Professor, Pro-rector for Research, Volgograd Institute for the Humanities, Gribanova St., 12, 400011 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  

Anton O. Zaitsev

Third-Year Student of Law Faculty, Moscow State University, Leninskie gory, 1, GSP-1, p. 13-14, 4th Academic Building, 119991 Moscow, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  


Introduction: morality is the most essential basis for a person’s upbringing as an individual. Any social, including legal ones phenomena are reflected in the human mind. Legal ideas affect the formation of the motives and lines of behavior in the legal sphere, but through the legal regulation of the individual behavior an active role of law and legal consciousness shows itself. Moral values, standards, principles and ideals perceived by a person lie at the basis of legal consciousness. The morality of a person is an internal restrictor of their legal consciousness. It forms the legal consciousness in a way that it does not allow the person to exercise their rights to the detriment of third parties, the society and the state. The objective is to analyze the effect of moral categories on the level of forming legal consciousness and exercising civil rights. The study methods used are the following: a general method (dialectical materialism); scientific methods (logical (induction, deduction, analysis and synthesis), system, functional); private law methods (formal and legal, comparative legal). Results: there have been considered the questions of influence of the internal and external factors on the formation of a person and their legal consciousness (the system of biogenetic, social and psychosocial factors (motivation of behavior, the way of relating their interests with public ones, beliefs, values and dignity, duty, responsibility, conscience, moral and aesthetic principles, and so on). There has been raised the problem of correlation of legal and moral education of the individual, justified their mutual influence, as well as the impact on the implementation of civil rights. Conclusions: there have been made the conclusions on the formation of a moral personality “outside”, through the mechanism of education, and “inside”, through the personal qualities. It has been proved that the content, methods, and ways of this forming depend on the level of the economic, political, legal, cultural development of the society. There have been systematized the factors influencing the formation of legal
consciousness in matter and scope. There have been obtained the typological groups with different levels of legal education and legal consciousness. There has been substantiated the influence of moral norms on the implementation of civil rights.

Keywords: morality, integrity, justice, legal education, legal consciousness, implementation limits, civil right.

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