Malikov E.Yu. Axiological and Normative Function of the Legal Culture and Its Role in Shaping the Faithful Implementation of Civil Rights and Duties

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lc.jvolsu.2017.1.3

Evgeny Yu. Malikov

Candidate of Juridical Sciences, Associate Professor, Chairman of the Volgograd Regional Branch of the All-Russian Public Organization “The Association of Lawyers of Russia”, Gribanova St., 12, 400011 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Introduction: the formation of the legal culture of citizens is the most important condition of stability and public order in the society and a necessary element of a law-bound state. The most important function of the legal culture is an axiological and normative function which allows to assess the status of law, order, legal relations, and the mechanism of the statutory regulation and so on. The assessment is subjected to both any legal situation and the legal system as a whole. The legal culture is directly linked to the legal consciousness and legal education. In turn, all of these factors influence the process of the fair exercise of civil rights and duties. The objective is to analyze the effect of the legal education, legal consciousness and legal culture in the formation of the faithful implementation of civil rights and duties. The scientific methods used are the following: (logical, systematic, functional ones); private law methods (formal and legal, comparative legal ones). Results: there has been analyzed the position of the scientists on the formation of the legal culture, legal education, the formation of a high legal consciousness. There have been set the stages of formation, forms, methods and techniques. There has been investigated the relationship of these factors. Conclusions: it is proved that the faithful implementation of civil rights and duties depends on the level of the legal culture, both an individual and social one. There have been determined the factors influencing the formation of the legal culture. There has been set the dependency of the legal culture level of various aspects, including the legal education, and the level of legal consciousness. It is proved that in the category of legal consciousness one should provide the intellectual and emotional components. There are four basic forms of legal education. It is proved that the individual’s legal consciousness is formed and developed under the influence of a variety of the objective and subjective factors. There has been set a list of them.

Keywords: legal culture, legal education, legal consciousness, implementation of civil rights, discharge of duties.

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