Ruzakova O.А., Ruzakov А.B. The Problems of Legal Education and Awaressness of Children in the Russian Federation

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lc.jvolsu.2017.1.1

Olga А. Ruzakova

Doctor of Juridical Sciences, Professor, Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Deputy Head of the Office of the State Duma Committee on State Building and Law, Okhotnyy Ryad St., 1, 103265 Moscow, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Аleksey B. Ruzakov

Senior Teacher, Department of Civil Law and Procedure, Moscow Financial and Industrial University “Synergy”, Meshchanskaya St., 9/14, build. 1, 129090 Moscow, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Introduction: any state is interested in the younger generation’s awareness and respect for the nationwide laws. It is extremely important for young people not only to know and respect the laws, but also to understand their essence, and seek to abide them. Only then we can talk about the high level of legal conciseness and legal culture of the younger generation. It is the constant policy of the legal education and awareness of children and youth and, as a result, the forming of the high legal culture of the youth that can fully implement such basic values and principles of the society as the rule of law, the priority of the inalienable rights and freedoms of an individual, the ensuring of their protection. The aim of the study is to analyze the problems connected with the legal education and awareness of children and youth in the Russian Federation and offer the optimal solutions. The methods used are the following: to achieve the objectives of the study there have been used the comparative and legal, formal and legal, systemic and logical methods. The results: there have been analyzed the key measures of a public nature which are taken by the government to solve the problems of the legal education and awareness of youth. There has been set the necessity of dividing the state measures into the measures in the field of education and the upbringing of the younger generation, the legal education and judicial training. The necessity of dividing these measures depending on the age of the children and young people has been pointed out. The conclusions: there has been proved the necessity of the classification of the government measures aimed at the legal education and awareness depending on the content of education and the age of the younger generation. There have been established the elements of the legal education and awareness, including the importance played by the family and educational institutions. One of the important elements of the legal education of children is the prevention of juvenile delinquency. It has been proved that the solution of these problems should be of integrated character at the level of both the legislative, executive, and the judicial bodies taking into account the positive international experience, including with the aim of unifying the international law.

Keywords: legal education, legal awareness, state measures, protection of the rights of the child, family, legal nurturing.


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