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Biryukov S.Yu., Skorikov D.G. The Migrant’s Personality as One of the Elements of Criminalistic Nature of Illegal Migration

Svyatoslav Yu. Biryukov
Candidate of Juridical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of Department of Preliminary Investigation, Educational and Research Complex on Preliminary Investigation in the Bodies of Internal Affairs
Volgograd Academy of the Ministry of the Interior of Russia
Istoricheskaya St., 130, 400089 Volgograd, Russian Federation, В This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Dmitriy G. Skorikov
Candidate of Juridical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Preliminary Investigation, Educational and Research Complex on Preliminary Investigation in the Bodies of Internal Affairs
Volgograd Academy of the Ministry of the Interior of Russia
Istoricheskaya St., 130, 400089 Volgograd, Russian Federation, В This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Introduction. The existence of human civilization is accompanied by migration of individual peoples and nations. Migration processes have important labor force redistribution functions to overcome the differences in lifestyle, convergence and interpenetration of cultures. However, since the second half of the twentieth century under the influence of the collapse and the formation of new states, such disasters as the world wars, the expansion of international relations and the changing nature of relationships between nations, the phenomenon of migration has qualitatively changed, creating a new image of human communities and becoming a powerful conflict factor. Crime situation in our country shows that illegal migration has become an integral part of a criminal business structure and, of course, has an impact on the entire system of economic relations, criminalizing the national economy, increasing its shadow sector. It not only transformed into a well-organized commercial activities at the international level, but also more recently coexists with other forms of international organized crime (trafficking in drugs, weapons, “human beings” and so forth.). In this connection, the authors set the purpose to reveal the contents of one of the most important elements of criminological characteristics of the organization of illegal migration - identity of illegal migrants in the territory of Russia. Methods. The methodological framework of this study constitutes a set of methods of scientific knowledge, among which the main place is occupied by methods of information processing and logical analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction and generalization, systematization. Results presented in the author’s content element forensic characteristics of the organization of illegal migration - the individual migrants relying on the judicial and investigative practice, analytical reviews of the Russian Interior Ministry in the field of migration policy allows the use of forensic characterization of a functional-pragmatic model of crime, created on the basis of science and practice orientation to the subject of the investigation in the features of the personality of illegal migrants and other forensically relevant information. Conclusions. The study provided detailed description of the personality of illegal migrants to inform the students with the profile in “Jurisprudence”, teachers of law schools, as well as persons carrying out an investigation organization of illegal migration in order to better understand the migration processes, as well as the quality of the crimes investigation related to the organization of illegal migration.

Key words: migration, foreign citizen, stateless person, migrant, illegal resident, employer, communities, residential areas.

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