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Davydova M.L., Makarov V.O. Transformation of Legal System Under the Influence of the Internet

Marina L. Davydova
Doctor of Juridical Sciences, Professor, Head of Department of Constitutional and Municipal Law
Volgograd State University
Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Vladislav O. Makarov
Lawyer of LEGION Bar Association of the Volgograd Region
7 Gvardeyskoy Divizii St., 2, office 111, 400005 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Introduction. Changes in the modern world, due to the development of the Internet, have had an impact on the legal system. The purpose is to study the transformation of the legal system under the influence of the Internet. The objectives are to determine the operating concept of the legal system, the factors affecting it, as well as to highlight the elements of the legal structure of the system; to research the transformation of these elements under the influence of the Internet. The methods include general logical methods (analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction), system-structural, formal logic. Results. The legal system has such attributes as dynamism, adaptability, openness, and functioning as a kind of social system. It is determined by economic, political, national, moral, information and other factors. But the Internet is a complex factor that expresses itself in all these groups of factors and transforms the legal system, which includes elements such as the objective law, legal practice, legal infrastructure and legal consciousness. Conclusion. Objective law develops due to the emergence of the complex inter-branch institute - Internet law and to a modification of other branches of law. The Internet also ensures electronic publishing of a law, provides public access to the stages of adoption of a law, and improves the procedure of legislative initiatives. The transformation of the legal infrastructure under the influence of the Internet is based on e-government concept that is developing in two directions: optimization of relations between the public authorities, and better cooperation between public and private parties. As a result of the Internet’s impact on the legal practice, new legal procedures and subjects appear. It implements the principle of transparency and the rule of law, as well as access to justice. Transformation of legal conciseness under the influence of the Internet is associated with the increase in transparency of the legal system. For theoretical legal conciseness the Internet creates a new subject area of study. For the professional legal conciseness the Internet creates new objectives to solve. Moreover, ordinary conciseness can be transformed both in the direction of development, and in the direction of degradation depending on the quality of the legal information from the Internet.

Key words: legal system, Internet, system of law, legal practice, legal infrastructure, legal consciousness.

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