Maksimov P.V. Politicization of Banditry in Soviet Policy-Legal Acts During the Civil War (1917-1922)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu5.2016.3.24

Pavel Viktorovich Maksimov
Candidate of Juridical Sciences, Assistant Professor, Department of Criminal Law and Criminology,
University of Krasnodar Russian Interior Ministry
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Yaroslavskaya St., 128, 350005 Krasnodar, Russian Federation

Abstract. The author analyzes the content of the main acts of the supreme bodies of the Soviet government (the Central Executive Committee, the Council of People’s Commissars, the Council of Labor and Defense) in the sphere of combating gang violence in 1917-1922. It is shown that, with the increasing armed confrontation, the Soviet state gave more and more attention to this direction of law enforcement policy. Its realization was engaged by law enforcement and military structures, first of all, the emergency commissions and revolutionary tribunals. Received in years of the Civil War extremely big scales, banditry increasingly characterized by the fact that as part of the present criminal act strong pronounced political component has been steadily intensified. As a result, under the influence of the growing bitterness of the Civil War, crimes of such kind predominantly have become attributed to category of counter-revolutionary crimes.

Key words: banditry, Soviet power, emergency commissions, revolutionary tribunal, counter-revolutionary crimes, Central Executive Committee, Council of People’s Commissars, Council of Labor and Defense.

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