Bondarenko O.A. Rights and Freedoms of the Child in the Constitutional Legislation of the Soviet States

Olga Anatolyevna Bondarenko
Сandidate of Juridical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Constitutional and Administrative Law,
International Slavic Institute (Volgograd Branch)
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Akademicheskaya St., 22, 400001 Volgograd, Russian Federation


Abstract. The article summarizes and systematized the regulatory material on the formation and development of legal regulation of the rights and freedoms of the child in the Soviet period. The author presented industry institutionalization of children’s rights, i.e. phased registration of the rights of children and their regulation in sectoral legislation of the Russian state. It is proved that all stages of the constitutional development of the Soviet period are characterized by constitutionalization of children’s rights – rights of the child are given a special status, followed by bringing sectoral legislation on childhood in accordance with the adopted Constitution. The author’s periodization of the process of children’s rights constitutionalization in Soviet Russia.

Key words: rights and freedoms of the child, protection of rights and interests of minors, state policy in the sphere of childhood, sectoral institutionalization, constitutionalization of children’s rights, Soviet legislation, Convention on the Rights of the Child, international standards for children’s rights.

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