Yakovleva O.A. Science of Criminal Law in the Beginning of 19th Century: “Russian Eclecticism”

Olga Alekseevna Yakovleva
Candidate of Juridical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Criminal Law,
Volgograd State University
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Prosp. Universitetskiy, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation

Abstract. General knowledge of science is made up of separate components, which are characterized by the works of scholars and practitioners representing scientific schools and directions. 

Method of processing rights by combining and consolidating the various trends of science and practice originated in Russia in the beginning of the 18th century and was further actively developed in the first half of the 19th century. During this period, the science of criminal law in the national state is a wide range of scientific research and practical methods of processing materials under criminal law. The scientists had a difficult task aimed at the generalization of legal proceedings of theoretical and practical orientation.

With the variety of scientific trends and schools therew as need in a “compromise” of scientific views and ideas progress through their consolidation. These tasks can be performed by the efforts of scientists representing the eclectic direction in the science of criminal law.

Scientific experiments on eclectic nature were conducted to reconcile all the existing directions of scientific and practical ideas in the study and knowledge of criminal law, the development of which the Russian state, basically, took the path of practical study of records and borrowing Western theoretical exercises.

Key words: science, research fields, scientific schools, criminal law, eclecticism.

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