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Ryzhenkov A.Ya., Sharonov S.A. Dynamics of the Concept “Protection” as Initial Prerequisite of Security Activity: From Russkaya Pravda to the Constitution of RussiaRyzhenkov A.Ya., Sharonov S.A. Dynamics of the Concept “Protection” as Initial Prerequisite

Anatoliy Yakovlevich Ryzhenkov
Doctor of Juridical Sciences, Professor, Department of Civil and International Private Law,
Volgograd State University,
Base Department of the Southern Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences
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Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation

Sergey Aleksandrovich Sharonov
Candidate of Juridical Sciences, Associate Professor, Expert of Independent Scientific Fund
“Institute of Security Problems and Sustainable Development”
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Prosp. Mira, 102/1, 129626 Moscow, Russian Federation


Abstract. The article deals with the development of the concept “protection”, which was fixed for the first time in the acts of the Russian law. Today this concept serves as the content of the constitutional norms. The authors explain the conclusion that the present concept is the starting premise of security activity, which is manifested in the sphere of legal regulation as a function of the state and as the activities of participants in civil commerce, aimed at protecting the individual objects of civil rights against unlawful.

Based on the synthesis of elements of private security activities and criteria of entrepreneurship, the authors determine the entrepreneurial content of security activity as a specialized, commercial activity of commercial (security) organizations aimed at ensuring security of objects of state protection from unlawful attacks and carried out on a contractual basis.

Key words: protection, security activity, entities, objects of protection, state of security, illegal encroachments.

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