Gavrilova Yu.A. Semantic Dominants of Constitutionalism in Russia

Gavrilova Yulia Alexandrovna
Candidate of Juridical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Theory and History of State and Law Volgograd State University
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Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation

Abstract. The article is devoted to the analysis of peculiarities of political and legal theory and practice of state and public life organization on the basis of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. The article deals with the levels of the deployment of constitutionalism semantic content: its semantic kernel, which includes constitutional values, ideas, legal norms,
and the semantic periphery, covering diverse constitutional and legal practice and the related political, economic, cultural and educational activity of social subjects. A special role is given to the practice of the constitutional justice which performs the adaption function of direct regulations of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and constitutional law to the needs of real life, and also sets up a system of legal restrictions and prohibitions for the government to infringe on fundamental human rights and freedoms, simultaneously obliging the authorities to protect, defend and restore in necessary cases, the rights of men and citizens. In this regard, the measure of approximation of the constitutional and legal practice to the adequate text and spirit level of the modern Russian Constitution indicates the degree of correlation between nuclear and peripheral semantic components of the Russian constitutionalism.

Key words: constitutionalism, constitutional values, sense of law, constitutional and legal practice, direct influence of the Constitution.

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